Nowadays, we encounter the term lactose intolerance more and more often. According to the latest results, it was found that about 20% of people do not produce a sufficient amount of the enzyme lactase, which leads to problems with the digestion of milk and milk products.
What is lactose intolerance?
Lactose intolerance, or milk sugar intolerance. It is a very common disease occurring at any age. There are two types of lactose intolerance, each with a different cause.
Primary lactose intolerance This is a decrease in the function of the lactase enzyme, which occurs gradually with increasing age. It is partly genetic and its occurrence is different in different regions of the world.
Secondary lactose intolerance This is a rare form of intolerance caused by various types of diseases. For example, an infection of the digestive tract or celiac disease (gluten intolerance).
Lactose intolerance causes digestive problems. The main symptoms are gas, abdominal cramps, bloating and diarrhea. Symptoms appear 30-120 minutes after consuming milk. If the correct diet is followed, lactose intolerance does not cause any digestive problems.
What is lactose in?
Lactose is mainly found in dairy products.
Cow milkGoat milkCheeses (hard and soft)Ice creamYogurtButterYogurts and sour milk products contain lactose, but they also contain live cultures that help break it down.
The examination is completely painless and takes only a few minutes. It takes place in the morning, on an empty stomach, and the amount of exhaled hydrogen is measured. Subsequently, the milk solution is drunk and this measurement is repeated. Based on the amount of exhaled hydrogen, intolerance is determined.
The basis is the exclusion (restriction) of the consumption of milk and milk products. Some patients tolerate a certain amount of lactose, others require a fairly strict lactose-free diet. Hard and mature cheeses are often well tolerated. Today, pharmaceutical preparations are also available in the form of tablets that contain the enzyme lactase and thus improve the tolerance of products that contain a lot of lactose.
Which proteins to choose?
With lactose intolerance, it is important to focus on proteins with a reduced lactose content. Such proteins also include Whey protein isolate. It contains minimal or no whey, which is removed from them by several methods (filtration, microfiltration or ion exchange method). It is also possible to choose vegetable or beef proteins.
If you suffer from lactose intolerance, you can try these proteins
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